HTML Tags for Java Applets, circa 1999
In 1999, I took a class in Java at Santa Monica College. I was intested at the time in the small variations among how The W3C, Sun, Netscape, and Microsoft specified the <APPLET> tag.
So here are how each specified the tag in 1999, minus the formatting of the original pages:
W3C - HTML 3.2 | W3C - HTML 4.0 | Microsoft | Netscape | Sun
http://java.sun.com/products/jdk/1.1/docs/guide/misc/applet.html JDK Contents -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The APPLET Tag Here is an example of a simple APPLET tag: <applet code="MyApplet.class" width=100 height=140></applet> This tells the viewer or browser to load the applet whose compiled code is in MyApplet.class (in the same directory as the current HTML document), and to set the initial size of the applet to 100 pixels wide and 140 pixels high. Here's a more complex example of an APPLET tag: <applet codebase="http://java.sun.com/applets/NervousText/1.1" code="NervousText.class" width=400 height=75> <param name="text" value="Welcome to HotJava!"> <hr> If you were using a Java-enabled browser such as HotJava, you would see dancing text instead of this paragraph. <hr> </applet> This tells the viewer or browser to load the applet whose compiled code is at the URL http://java.sun.com/applets/NervousText/1.1/NervousText. class, to set the initial size of the applet to 400x75 pixels. The viewer/browser must also set the applet's "text" attribute (which customizes the text this applet displays) to be "Welcome to HotJava!" If the page is viewed by a browser that can't execute Java applets, then the browser will ignore the APPLET and PARAM tags, displaying only the HTML between the <param> and </applet> tags (the alternate HTML). Here's the result of putting the above example in your HTML file. (The first time you load this page, you may have to wait for the applet to be loaded.) Here is another example of an APPLET tag: <applet code=A21 width=256 height=256 archive="toir.jar"> <param name=img value=test.gif> <hr> We need to convert some of the standard applets to use archive. Any volunteers? <hr> </applet> In this example, the applet class is A21. Its bytecodes (may) reside in the archive "toir.jar". This archive may also contain the image resource (see resources documentation) with name test.gif. Here's the complete syntax for the APPLET tag. Required elements are in bold. Optional elements are in regular typeface. Elements your specify are in italics. <APPLET CODEBASE = codebaseURL ARCHIVE = archiveList CODE = appletFile ...or... OBJECT = serializedApplet ALT = alternateText NAME = appletInstanceName WIDTH = pixels HEIGHT = pixels ALIGN = alignment VSPACE = pixels HSPACE = pixels > <PARAM NAME = appletAttribute1 VALUE = value> <PARAM NAME = appletAttribute2 VALUE = value> . . . alternateHTML </APPLET> CODE, CODEBASE, and so on are attributes of the applet tag; they give the browser information about the applet. The only mandatory attributes are CODE, WIDTH, and HEIGHT. Each attribute is described below. CODEBASE = codebaseURL This OPTIONAL attribute specifies the base URL of the applet--the directory that contains the applet's code. If this attribute is not specified, then the document's URL is used. ARCHIVE = archiveList This OPTIONAL attribute describes one or more archives containing classes and other resources that will be "preloaded". The classes are loaded using an instance of an AppletClassLoader with the given CODEBASE. The archives in archiveList are separated by ",". NB: in JDK1.1, multiple APPLET tags with the same CODEBASE share the same instance of a ClassLoader. This is used by some client code to implement inter-applet communication. Future JDKs *may* provide other mechanisms for inter-applet communication. CODE = appletFile This REQUIRED attribute gives the name of the file that contains the applet's compiled Applet subclass. This file is relative to the base URL of the applet. It cannot be absolute. One of CODE or OBJECT must be present. OBJECT = serializedApplet This attribute gives the name of the file that contains a serialized representation of an Applet. The Applet will be deserialized. The init() method will *not* be invoked; but its start() method will. Attributes valid when the original object was serialized are *not* restored. Any attributes passed to this APPLET instance will be available to the Applet; we advocate very strong restraint in using this feature. An applet should be stopped before it is serialized. One of CODE or OBJECT must be present. ALT = alternateText This OPTIONAL attribute specifies any text that should be displayed if the browser understands the APPLET tag but can't run Java applets. NAME = appletInstanceName This OPTIONAL attribute specifies a name for the applet instance, which makes it possible for applets on the same page to find (and communicate with) each other. WIDTH = pixels HEIGHT = pixels These REQUIRED attributes give the initial width and height (in pixels) of the applet display area, not counting any windows or dialogs that the applet brings up. ALIGN = alignment This OPTIONAL attribute specifies the alignment of the applet. The possible values of this attribute are the same as those for the IMG tag: left, right, top, texttop, middle, absmiddle, baseline, bottom, absbottom. VSPACE = pixels HSPACE = pixels These OPTIONAL attributes specify the number of pixels above and below the applet (VSPACE) and on each side of the applet (HSPACE). They're treated the same way as the IMG tag's VSPACE and HSPACE attributes. <PARAM NAME = appletAttribute1 VALUE = value> <PARAM NAME = appletAttribute2 VALUE = value> . . . This tag is the only way to specify an applet-specific attribute. Applets access their attributes with the getParameter() method. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Copyright © 1996 Sun Microsystems, Inc., 2550 Garcia Ave., Mtn. View, CA 94043-1100 USA. All rights reserved.